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Citing Sources: APA 7

Use this guide as a resource when you cite sources.

About APA7

undefinedAPA Style, 7th Edition

APA (American Psychological Association) Style is typically used in the social sciences. Basic information for citing sources using this style are laid out below. Please consult the Publication Manual of the APA, 7th edition or Ask-A-Librarian for more information.

At GRCC, APA Style is used by: Business, Communication, Criminal Justice, Dental Assisting, Dental Hygiene, Exercise Science, Gerontology, Medical Assistant, Nursing, Occupational Therapy Assistant, Pharmacy Technician, Phlebotomy, Psychology, Radiologic Technology, Social Work and Sterile Processing.

APA 7: References Page

The APA style for citing sources is called a References page. Here are some basic examples for a book and a journal article. For additional format varieties, use the other resources listed below.


Book, generic format:

AuthorLastname, First Initial. (Year). Book title. Publisher.

Book, specific example:

Falk, G. (2010). The American criminal justice system: How it works, how it doesn't,
and how to fix it. Praeger.

Journal article from database, generic format:

AuthorLastName, First Initial. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Volume(Issue),

pages. doi:xxxxxx

Journal article from database, specific example:

Erickson, S. R., & Workman, P. (2014). Services provided by community pharmacies

in Wayne County, Michigan: A comparison by ZIP code characteristics. Journal Of The American Pharmacists Association: Japha, 54(6), 618-624. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2014.14105


References Page Tips

  • Alphabetize entries on the References page.
  • Double space and use hanging indents (see formatting instructions below).


Other Resources

Purdue OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide

APA Style (7) Blog (the official companion to the Publication Manual of the APA)

APA 7 Reference Quick Guide 

APA 7 Student Title Page Guide

APA 7 Student Headings Level Template 


APA 7: In-Text Citations

When quoting sources, APA style uses an author/year/page method of citation. The author's last name is given in the text of your writing followed by the year of publication in parentheses, with the page number in parentheses after the quote. For example:

When speaking of successful people, Gladwell (2008) states "what truly distinguishes their histories is not their extraordinary talent but their extraordinary opportunities" (p. 81).

Other notes:

  • Once cited in-text, the source must appear in the References page.
  • Quotes longer than 40 words do not require quotation marks, but should instead be indented 1/2 inch from the left margin.
  • When paraphrasing only the author/year is required, though giving the page number is encouraged.
  • For more detailed information consult: Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

APA for Student Papers Formt