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Citing Sources: APA 6

Use this guide as a resource when you cite sources.

About APA6

In October 2019, the APA introduced the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009. Click here OR here to find out more about changes.

APA (American Psychological Association) Style is typically used in the social sciences.  Basic information for citing sources using this style are laid out below.  If more in-depth information is required, please consult the resources listed, the Publication Manual of the APA, 6th edition, and/or Ask-A-Librarian.

At GRCC, APA Style is used by: Business, Communication, Criminal Justice, Dental Assisting, Dental Hygiene, Exercise Science, Gerontology, Medical Assistant, Nursing, Occupational Therapy Assistant, Pharmacy Technician, Phlebotomy, Psychology, Radiologic Technology, Social Work, and, Sterile Processing.

APA: References page

The APA style for citing sources is a References page.  Here are very basic examples of the style for a book and a journal article, so be sure to go to the resources listed to get formatting guidelines for the vast variety of other types of sources.


Book, generic format:

AuthorLastname, First Initial. (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.

Book, specific example:

Falk, G. (2010). The American criminal justice system: How it works, how it doesn't,
and how to fix it. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.


Journal article from database, generic format:

AuthorLastname, First Initial. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Volume(Issue),

pages. doi:xxxxxx

Journal article from database, specific example:

Erickson, S. R., & Workman, P. (2014). Services provided by community pharmacies

in Wayne County, Michigan: A comparison by ZIP code characteristics. Journal Of The American Pharmacists Association: Japha, 54(6), 618-624. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2014.14105


  • Alphabetize entries on the References page.
  • Double space and use hanging indents (see formatting instructions below).


Purdue OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide

Citing Images in APA (from State College of Florida)

APA Style (7) Blog (the official companion to the Publication Manual of the APA). Still using APA 6? Here's the archive to that version's blog

APA: In-Text Citations

When quoting sources, APA style uses an author/year/page method of citation.  The author's last name is given in the text of your writing followed by the year of publication in parentheses, with the page number in parentheses after the quote.  For example:

When speaking of successful people, Gladwell (2008) states "what truly distinguishes their histories is not their extraordinary talent but their extraordinary opportunities" (p. 81).

Other notes:

  • Once cited in-text, the source must appear in the References page.
  • Quotes longer than 40 words do not require quotation marks, but should instead be indented 1/2 inch from the left margin.
  • The page number is preceded by a 'p.'
  • When paraphrasing only author/year is required, though giving the page number is encouraged.
  • For more detailed information consult: Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)