GSA style refers to the style and citation formatting requirements for Geological Society of America (GSA) publications. Due to the prominence of GSA publications, this style is often used in Geology academic courses. While no official manual exists, reference guidelines are available on the GSA website.
Some basics of the GSA style include:
The most common items cited in geoscience research are journal articles. GSA citation style does not distinguish between print or online journal articles, but a DOI should be included if available. See the style guides above for information on citing books, abstracts and other information formats.
Author, A.A., Author, B.B., and Author, C.C., Year, Title of article: Titile of Journal, v. #, p. ##-##, doi: 10.####/####
Kominz, M.A., Browning, J.V., Miller, K.G., Sugarman, P.J., Mizintseva, S., and Scotese, C.R., 2008, Late Cretaceous to Miocene sea-level estimates from the New Jersey and Delaware coastal plain coreholes: An error analysis: Basin Research, v. 20, p. 211–226, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2117.2008.00354.x.
Doglioni, C., 1994, Foredeeps versus subduction zones: Geology, v. 22, p. 271–274.
Leigh, D.S., 1994, Roxana silt of the Upper Mississippi Valley: Lithology, source, and paleoenvironment: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 430–442.
Walter, L.M., Bischof, S.A., Patterson, W.P., and Lyons, T.L., 1993, Dissolution and recrystallization in modern shelf carbonates: Evidence from pore water and solid phase chemistry: Royal Society of London Philosophical Transactions, ser. A, v. 344, p. 27–36.