APA (American Psychological Association) style is typically used in the social sciences. Basic information for citing sources using this style are laid out below. If more in-depth information is required, please consult the resources listed, the Publication Manual of the APA, 6th edition, and/or Ask-A-Librarian.
"In October 2019, the APA introduced the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009." Changes will roll out into database-formatted citations in Spring 2020. In the meantime, use the 6th edition unless told differently by your instructor. Click here OR here to find out more about upcoming changes.
The APA style for citing sources is a References page. Here are very basic examples of the style for a book and a journal article, so be sure to go to the resources listed to get formatting guidelines for the vast variety of other types of sources.
Book, generic format:
AuthorLastname, First Initial. (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Book, specific example:
Journal article from database, generic format:
AuthorLastname, First Initial. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Volume(Issue),
Journal article from database, specific example:
in Wayne County, Michigan: A comparison by ZIP code characteristics. Journal Of The American Pharmacists Association: Japha, 54(6), 618-624. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2014.14105
Citing Images in APA (from State College of Florida)
When quoting sources, APA style uses an author/year/page method of citation. The author's last name is given in the text of your writing followed by the year of publication in parentheses, with the page number in parentheses after the quote. For example:
When speaking of successful people, Gladwell (2008) states "what truly distinguishes their histories is not their extraordinary talent but their extraordinary opportunities" (p. 81).